EnglishEspañolFrançaisBahasa IndonesiaTiếng ViệtWhen you’re creating or editing a long document, you’llprobably have to create a table of contents, That might sound like a chore, butfortunately, you can do it in just a few clicks" /> EnglishEspañolFrançaisBahasa IndonesiaTiếng ViệtWhen you’re creating or editing a long document, you’llprobably have to create a table of contents, That might sound like a chore, butfortunately, you can do it in just a few clicks" />

Cách chỉnh heading trong word 2010

     
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When you’re creating or editing a long document, you’llprobably have khổng lồ create a table of contents. That might sound like a chore, butfortunately, you can bởi vì it in just a few clicks. Then, if you change the document, Word can update the table of nội dung instantly. 

Best of all, Word includes hyperlinks to lớn the various sections in your table of contents, so it isn"t just a visual aid forprinted documents, but it"s also perfect to lớn make easy-to-browse online documents & PDFs with.

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Creating the table of contents in Word itself is simple, but the tricky part is getting it to work the way you want. In this tutorial, I"ll show you everything you need to lớn make a simple, auto-generated table of contents, & then get it to lớn look the way you want in every version of Microsoft Word.

How to Make a Table of Contents in Microsoft Word (Screencast)

You can follow along using your own document, or if you prefer, download the zip file included for this tutorial. It contains a document called The Age of Einstein.docx, which is a public tên miền physics textbook (credit to lớn the author, Professor Frank W.K. Firk).


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Watch the Clip screencast above or follow the written tutorial instructions below for more detail on how to make a table of contents in Word.

Creating Your Table of Contents in Word

There are a few ways of creating a table of contents in Word, but only two that you’llever use

Create them automatically from built-in stylesCreate them from your custom styles

These methods work mostly the same in Windows và Mac versions of Microsoft Word.

Using MS Word built-in styles is the faskiểm tra & most commontechnique, & using custom styles takes only a little more work. Sometimes,you’ll want to use both techniques in the same document. Once you have a table of contents (TOC) imãng cầu document, you can format it with its own styles. You don’t want to lớn format theTOC like regular text, because the formatting can easily get wiped out.

How the Textbook is Organized

Before doing anything to the document, let’s see how it’sorganized. Page 1 is the title, page 2 is blank and will hold the table of contents, page 3is the preface, & after that comes the text. As you scroll down, notice that headingsvà subheadings are formatted.

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The textbook as cấp độ 1, 2 và 3 headings.

The best way to see the structure of the document is withthe Navigation Pane. (In some versions of Word for Mac, it may be called the Document Map Pane.)

In Windows, go lớn the Viewtab, then cliông chồng the check box khổng lồ enable the Navigation Pane.

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The Word Navigation Pane is a great way of looking through a document.

On the Mac, cliông xã the Sidebar option khổng lồ show the drop-down menu. Cliông chồng the arrow next khổng lồ the option and click Navigation. (On older versions of the Mac software, the option is called Document Map Pane.)

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On the Mac, use Sidebar > Navigation khổng lồ navigate through a document.

On your Mac or PC, go baông xã to lớn the Hometab if you’re not already there. Keep your eye on the Styles box on the ribbon,và clichồng the items in the pane to navigate through the book. 

Notice that theitems with whole numbers – like 2.Understanding the Physical Universe – are formatted as Heading 1, và itemswith decimals – like 2.1 Reality & PureThought – are formatted as Heading 2. There are also a few decimal items –like 4.5 Space Travel – that areformatted as Heading 3.

Tip: whencreating a document, the shortcuts for applying the Heading 1, 2 and 3 stylesare Ctrl-Alt-1, Ctrl-Alt-2, & Ctrl-Alt-3(và Command-Opt-1, Command-Opt -2, and Command-Opt-3 on the Mac).

Generating a Table of Contents Using Built-In Header Styles in Word

Word can now turn those Heading styles inkhổng lồ table of contentsentries. Clichồng at the top of page 2. (Tip: in Windows, press Ctrl-G,type 2, then press Enter. On the Mac, press Command-Opt-G, type 2, then press Return.)

In Windows, go to lớn the Referencestab on the ribbon, cliông xã the Table ofContents button on the left, then choose one of the two built-in tablesfrom the các mục. cảnh báo that the thumbnails show that Headings 1, 2 và 3 will beincluded.

It’s almost the same on the Mac. Go to lớn the Insert thực đơn, choose Index & Tables, then pichồng one of theformats on the left và cliông chồng OK.This dialog box also shows that Headings 1-3 will be included.

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You can insert a table of contents in Word just by clicking one of the samples. (Example shown is on Windows.)

As soon as you choose one, the table of contents gets inserted starting tối ưu trong trang 2, & Word automatically inserts a couple of more pages, so it all fits. In Windows, you can Ctrl-clichồng one of the items, and it will hyperlinks lớn the công trình in the document.

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A table of contents is a field that you can update in MS Word. In Windows, fields have a gray background.

This works great, but there’s one problem. Before theIntroduction, there is a Preface thatshould be included in the table of contents. And just before Appendix A1 is the heading forthe Appendix, và that should also beincluded. But they weren’t, because they’re both formatted with a custom stylecalled Large heading, and customstyles don’t get included in the mặc định table of contents. The second method of creating table of contents in Word will fix that.

Creating a Table of Contents From Custom Styles in Word

Word can include any styles in a table of contents. We justhave sầu to tell it which ones lớn choose. And we can update the table, rather than havingkhổng lồ delete it và start over.

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In Windows, go baông xã khổng lồ the References tab, clichồng the Tableof Contents button, then near the bottom of the thực đơn, choose Custom Table of Contents. Cliông chồng the Options button near the bottom of the dialog box khổng lồ display the Table of Contents Options dialog box.

On the Mac, go to back to lớn the Insert thực đơn and choose Indexand Tables. In the Table of Contents section, clichồng the Options button.

On the Mac or PC the Table of Contents Options dialog box shows that the Heading 1 style will have sầu TOC level 1,the Heading 2 style will have TOC màn chơi 2, & the Heading 3 style will haveTOC màn chơi 3.

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Word uses its built-in styles to lớn determine what goes into the table of contents. (Windows example)

Scroll down to lớn the bottom of the các mục (on the Mac, you"ll use the down slider). Then, in the box for Large heading, type a 1 to make it cấp độ 1. Table of Content levels cancome from more than one style.

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To include a custom style in the table of contents, assign a heading màn chơi lớn it.

Clichồng OK in theTable of Contents Options dialog, then OK again in the Table of Contents dialog box. When Word displays a message asking if you want to replace thetable, choose Yes. The Preface & Appendix are now both included in the tableof contents.

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After adding custom styles to the TOC danh sách, text formatted with those styles will appear in the table.

Manually Updating the Table of Contents in Word

There are other times when you’ll want to lớn update the tablemanually. This is handy when you change the text of one of the headings andwant the change reflected in the table of contents.

Scroll down to the page with the preface. At the top of the page replacePREFACE with FORWARD. Make sure it still uses the Large heading style.

Go baông chồng lớn the top of the table of contents and cliông xã in it. cảnh báo that ithas a gray background; that means it’s a field, và fields can usually beupdated. 

Cliông chồng the Update Tablebutton either on the TOC itself (that button doesn"t always appear) or on the References tab, and the first entry changes lớn FORWARD. (On the Mac, right-cliông xã the table và choose Update Field from the pop-up thực đơn. Choose the Update entire table option và clichồng OK.)

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Update the table of contents with either of the Update Table buttons or by right-clicking on the table and selecting Update field. (Windows example shown here.)

Now that the table of contents displays the correct text, wecan apply nicer formatting though.

How to lớn Modify Table of Contents Styles in Word

Each heading level of the table of contents has its ownstyle that’s automatically applied. All we have khổng lồ vì chưng is change the formattingof the styles to change the table’s appearance, here"s how:

In Windows, in the References tab of the ribbon, clichồng again on the Table of Contents button và choose Custom Table of Contents, near thebottom. In the Table of Contents dialog box, cliông chồng Modify.On the Mac, click Insert > Indexand Tables. On the left side, choose From Template, thencliông chồng Modify. Everything else worksthe same way as in Windows.In the Table of Contents dialog box, click Modify, & another dialog box appears,showing style names và formatting for the TOC heading levels. Select TOC1.Cliông chồng the Modifybutton just below it, & the Style dialog box appears. (On the Mac, it"s called the Properties dialog box.)
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Use the Style dialog box in Word to lớn choose the heading levels you want lớn format.

Format the style with Arial or Helvetica, 12 points, bold.Then click OK.

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Modify the style of a TOC cống phẩm is the same as modifying the style of any other text in Word.Repeat for the TOC 2 style, and set it khổng lồ Arialor Helvetica, 12 points, normal.Repeat for the TOC 3 style, & mix it lớn Arialor Helvetica, 11 points, normal.

The table of contents should now look like this:

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After editing the table of contents styles and updating the table, you"ll see the new formatting.

Conclusion

When you have a long document, you don’t have sầu lớn fearcreating a table of contents. Whether you’re using Windows or a Mac, you caninsert one in just a few clicks, then use the same dialog box to change theformatting.

As you learned in this table of contents tutorial, remember not khổng lồ apply formatting directly to lớn the table, because itcan get wiped out if you replace it. If you make any changes to the Word document itself, rethành viên to clichồng the top of the TOC & update it. Leave a comment below if you have sầu any trouble making or tweaking your table of contents.

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To learn more about working with Microsoft Word, study the following tutorials:

Editorial Note: This post wasoriginally published in 2014. It has been comprehensively revised to make itcurrent, accurate, & up to date by our staff—with special assistance from Laura Spencer.


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